Mother Earth’s worst enemy is Global Warming. Here’s something easy that you could do to help fight it…
Did you know that composting can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which is the main cause for Global Warming? Compost is organic material, easily made, that could be added to soil to help plants grow as well as fertilize it. Accordingly, composting is the action of preparing this organic material and adding it to soil. And composting is, honestly, easier than it sounds. You can do it right at home, either in your own garden or your neighborhood. All you’ll need to use is your kitchen and garden waste. I will provide the directions for composting at home right after I tell you why you should adopt this habit and the numerous benefits that it presents.
All the kitchen waste that you accumulate in your dustbin is taken by trucks to landfill sites. The dumped garbage produces methane which is a greenhouse gas more potent that carbon dioxide. This waste, instead, can be used to produce oxygen. When the compost is ready, it acts as rich and fertile soil, appropriate for plants to grow and release oxygen. Oh, our lifesaver! What would we be without oxygen, really?
That’s not it! Apart from supporting the growth and living of plants, the fertility of the compost diminishes the need for chemical fertilizers. Many of these fertilizers are nitrogen-based and experts say that these stimulate microbes in the soil to convert nitrogen to nitrous Oxide, which is another greenhouse gas. According to studies, nitrous Oxide is 310 times more potent than carbon dioxide. So, you can imagine what increased use of chemical fertilizers and increased emissions of this gas is going to do to us! It’s going to fry us, of course!
Just the other day, I was having a conversation with two ladies at my community as I suggested that we should make a compost pit and start composting in our community. To that, one lady replied, “But it isn’t raining nowadays! And we’ll have to come water the plants everyday when we start planting. Won’t it be a waste of water? I mean, even our own community is starting to cut off water for a few hours everyday!” To those people who have the same question, Oxygen is running out too! Another awesome fact – compost has a water retaining ability, whereby it soaks up the water releasing it slowly to the plants, just as needed. Also, adding compost as a top dressing prevents evaporation of water from lower levels of soil.
Now, to the interesting part…
How should you make compost at home, so that you’re doing your bit to help save this planet?
- Collect your edible kitchen waste separately from other kinds of waste.
- At the same time, collect dry organic waste like twigs, dried leaves, or grass lawn cuttings (please do not pluck) from the/a garden.
- Do not add citrus fruit peelings or diseased plants, because it can increase the acidity of the compost (deadly for plants).
- Pick a spot outdoors for your compost box. This is so that excess water may drain out and so that the worms get in to feed on the waste material turning it to compost. Thus, the worms help speedup the process.
- Also, make sure that your compost box has 5-6 small to moderate sized holes in it that allow aeration.
- Another thing to make sure of is that you have an equal amount of kitchen waste and dry organic waste.
- After you add in the materials, cover the compost box with a plank of wood, to prevent rain or any unwanted materials from falling in.
- You know the compost is ready when it becomes an almost black color. All the particles of the compost will be a similar texture.
- When it is ready, you can apply it on soil for it to carry out its functions.
- That’s it! You have made a tiny difference! Be proud! However, you need to keep doing it in order to keep making that difference.
Composting is a very new subject to me, and I’ve just recently picked up a fascination to it. Obviously, with all the benefits that it has…